Richard Tidd

Richard Tidd



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Richard Tidd nació en Lincolnshire en 1775. Se mudó a Londres en su juventud y se convirtió en zapatero en 5 Hole-in-the-Wall Passage, un callejón de tugurios cerca de Gray's Inn Lane. Al principio le fue bien como zapatero, pero el estallido de la guerra con Francia provocó una depresión en su negocio. Padre de ocho hijos y ahora desesperadamente pobre, Tidd se unió al ejército británico. Usando un nombre falso, desertó tan pronto como recibió su recompensa. Tidd afirmó que hizo esto varias veces durante los próximos años.

En 1806, Tidd ayudó al candidato radical, Sir Francis Burdett, en su intento por ser elegido miembro de la Cámara de los Comunes de Middlesex. Para votar por Burdett, afirmó falsamente que era un propietario libre de Middlesex. Tidd fue acusado de perjurio, pero antes de que pudiera ser arrestado huyó a Escocia, donde permaneció durante los siguientes cinco años. En 1814, Tidd regresó a Londres. Con los años, sus ideas políticas se habían vuelto más revolucionarias y ahora era un seguidor de Thomas Spence.

Después de la muerte de Spence en 1814, James Watson y Arthur Thistlewood ayudaron a formar la Sociedad de Filántropos de Spencean. Otros miembros del grupo incluyeron a John Brunt, James Ings, William Davidson, Thomas Preston y John Hopper. El gobierno se preocupó mucho por este grupo y contrató a un espía, John Castle, para unirse a los Spenceans e informar sobre sus actividades. En octubre de 1816, Castle informó a John Stafford, supervisor de los espías del Ministerio del Interior, que un pequeño grupo de habitantes de Spence estaba planeando derrocar al gobierno británico.

El 2 de diciembre de 1816, el grupo Spencean organizó una reunión masiva en Spa Fields, Islington. Los oradores de la reunión incluyeron a Henry 'Orator' Hunt y James Watson. Los magistrados decidieron dispersar la reunión y mientras Stafford y ochenta policías hacían esto, uno de los hombres, Joseph Rhodes, fue apuñalado. Cuatro líderes del grupo, James Watson, Arthur Thistlewood, Thomas Preston y John Hopper fueron arrestados y acusados ​​de alta traición.

Richard Tidd siguió asistiendo a las reuniones de Spencean en Londres. Tidd estaba particularmente indignado por la masacre de Peterloo y luego habló sobre la posibilidad de matar a Lord Castlereagh y Lord Sidmouth por su papel en este evento.

El 22 de febrero de 1820, George Edwards señaló a Arthur Thistlewood un artículo en el Nuevos tiempos que varios miembros del gobierno británico iban a cenar en la casa de Lord Harrowby en 39 Grosvenor Square. Richard Tidd accedió a unirse a Thistlewood ya otros veintisiete habitantes de Spence en el complot para matar a los ministros del gobierno que cenan en la casa de Lord Harrowby el 23 de febrero.

El 23 de febrero, la banda de Thistlewood se reunió en un pajar en Cato Street, a poca distancia de Grosvenor Square. Sin embargo, los ministros del gobierno no se estaban reuniendo en la casa del conde de Harrowby. Los Spencean habían sido creados por George Edwards, un espía del gobierno que se había infiltrado en la Sociedad Spencean. Trece agentes de policía dirigidos por George Ruthven irrumpieron en el pajar. Varios miembros de la pandilla se negaron a entregar sus armas y un oficial de policía, Richard Smithers, fue asesinado por Arthur Thistlewood. Cuatro de los conspiradores, Thistlewood, John Brunt, Robert Adams y John Harrison escaparon por una ventana, pero los espías de la policía sabían quiénes eran y los cuatro fueron arrestados durante los siguientes días.

Once hombres fueron finalmente acusados ​​de estar involucrados en la Conspiración de Cato Street. Los cargos contra Robert Adams se retiraron cuando accedió a testificar contra los otros hombres en la corte. El 28 de abril de 1820, Richard Tidd, Arthur Thistlewood, James Ings, John Brunt y William Davidson fueron declarados culpables de alta traición y condenados a muerte. John Harrison, James Wilson, Richard Bradburn, John Strange y Charles Copper también fueron declarados culpables, pero su sentencia original de ejecución fue posteriormente conmutada por transporte de por vida. Richard Tidd fue ejecutado en la prisión de Newgate el 1 de mayo de 1820.

El verdugo, que temblaba mucho, estuvo mucho tiempo atando a los prisioneros; mientras se desarrollaba esta operación reinaba un silencio sepulcral entre la multitud, pero en el momento en que cayó la gota, el sentimiento general se manifestó en profundos suspiros y quejidos. Ings y Brunt fueron los únicos que manifestaron dolor mientras estaban colgados. El primero se retorció unos momentos; pero este último durante varios minutos pareció, por las horribles contorsiones de su rostro, estar sufriendo la tortura más atroz.

Thistlewood luchó levemente durante unos minutos, pero cada esfuerzo fue más débil que el anterior; y el cuerpo pronto se volvió lentamente, como si fuera el movimiento de la mano de la muerte.

Tidd, cuyo tamaño daba motivos para suponer que "pasaría" con poco dolor comparativo, apenas se movió después de la caída. Las luchas de Ings fueron grandiosas. Los ayudantes del verdugo tiraron de sus piernas con todas sus fuerzas; e incluso entonces la renuencia del alma a separarse de su sede natal se observaría en los vehementes esfuerzos de todas las partes del cuerpo. Davidson, después de tres o cuatro tirones, se quedó inmóvil; pero Brunt sufrió mucho, y los verdugos y otros hicieron esfuerzos considerables para acortar sus agonías.


Se describen los principales líderes de AEP & # 8217, desde 1906 hasta 2011

Nicholas K. Akins es considerado el décimo presidente y sexto director ejecutivo de American Electric Power y su predecesor, American Gas & amp Electric (AGE), durante los 104 años de historia de la compañía. Antes de principios de la década de 1960, no había ningún puesto en AEP específicamente nombrado director ejecutivo.

Después de la incorporación de AGE el 20 de diciembre de 1906, varias personas compartieron el liderazgo de la nueva empresa. Millard Humstone fue elegido presidente y Brigham Curtis fue nombrado presidente de la junta. Mantuvieron sus respectivos cargos de forma interina durante 25 días y luego dimitieron. Los oficiales permanentes fueron elegidos el 15 de enero de 1907.

De 1907 a 1910, AGE fue dirigida por el triunvirato de Henry L. Doherty (1870-1939), Sidney Z. Mitchell (1862-1944) y Richard E. Breed (1866-1926). Mitchell estaba a cargo de la financiación, Doherty se encargaba de la ingeniería y las operaciones, y Breed era responsable de las franquicias de la empresa.

Liderazgo superior de AEP & # 039 a lo largo de los años (fila superior, de izquierda a derecha): Richard Breed, George Tidd, Philip Sporn, Donald Cook (fila inferior, de izquierda a derecha): Pete White, Richard Disbrow, Linn Draper, Mike Morris.

Breed luego se convirtió en presidente de 1910 a 1923, y fue presidente de 1923 a 1926.

En 1923, George N. Tidd (1874-1952) asumió el cargo de presidente hasta que terminó su mandato en 1947 fue presidente de 1947 a 1949.

Philip Sporn (1896-1978) sucedió a Tidd como presidente de 1947 a 1961. Aunque también se desempeñó en muchas otras capacidades de liderazgo, el puesto de presidente se había dejado de lado después del mandato de Tidd y el puesto de director ejecutivo no existía en ese momento.

Donald C. Cook (1909-1981) fue la primera persona oficialmente elegida como director ejecutivo. Se convirtió en presidente y director ejecutivo de la empresa en 1961, y ocupó el cargo de presidente hasta 1972 (fue presidente y director de 1971 a 1972, y presidente sólo hasta 1976). George V. Patterson (1912-1993) fue presidente de 1972 a 1977.

W.S. & # 8220Pete & # 8221 White Jr. (n. 1926) se desempeñó como presidente y director ejecutivo de 1976 a 1991 y continuó como presidente hasta 1992. Richard E. Disbrow (1930-1996) fue elegido presidente de la empresa en 1979 fue nombrado presidente y CEO en 1991, y fue nombrado presidente y CEO en 1992.

El Dr. E. Linn Draper, Jr. (n. 1942), se convirtió en presidente en 1992 y sucedió a Disbrow como presidente y director ejecutivo en 1993, ocupando los tres puestos hasta 2003.

Michael G. Morris (n. 1946) se convirtió en presidente, presidente y director ejecutivo el 1 de enero de 2004. El 1 de enero de 2011, Akins (n. 1960), fue elegido presidente y se convirtió en director ejecutivo el 12 de noviembre. 2011. Morris continúa como presidente.

Fuentes: And There Was Light: The Story of American Electric Power, Its First 85 Years & # 8212 1906-1991, por William W. Corbitt, 1991 American Electric Power: A Century of Firsts, por Luke Feck, 2006 AEP Now: AEP Historia.


Biografía

Origen

No hay evidencia del origen o los padres de John Tidd, sin embargo Anderson acepta la evidencia circunstancial de que es de Hertfordshire. [5] John Tidd y Anna Dane como padres han sido marcados como Inciertos en preparación para su remoción. Ningún genealogista significativo los nombra como padres y son de Yarmouth. El nombre de John estaba escrito "Tid" en su registro testamentario y "Tidd" en su testamento. Después de que su hijo John alcanzó la mayoría de edad, generalmente se los llamaba "senior" y "junior" para distinguirlos en los registros locales. Las generaciones posteriores en su mayoría estandarizaron la ortografía "Tidd".

Una revista manuscrita publicada como "John Dane's Narrative, 1682" se refiere a un "Un señor Tead, que luego se instaló en Charlstoune, era, alrededor del año 1630, un sastre en un negocio en Hertford, Hertfordshire, Inglaterra. Era un joven hombre entonces ". El escritor no especifica ningún nombre de pila, y hubo un Joshua Tidd que se estableció más tarde en Charlestown, sin embargo, la ubicación y la ocupación sugieren que esta es al menos la misma región y familia que John de Woburn, quien se hace llamar "Taylor" en su voluntad. [6] Esto puede explicar la hipótesis no probada de que la madre de John de Woburn se llamaba Dane. [7]

Migración y residencia

John Tidd y su familia "llegaron temprano" según Mary Backus, ya que vivía en Charlestown, Massachusetts en 1637. [1] (Charlestown se fundó en 1628 y se estableció en 1629). El 23 de abril de 1638, la familia Tidd fue dado el lote número 68 en Charlestown. [4] Solicitó la libertad condicional el 10 de mayo de 1643. [8]

El 18 de diciembre de 1640, John Tidd fue uno de los treinta y dos hombres que firmaron las órdenes originales de la ciudad de lo que se llamaría oficialmente Woburn en 1642. [9]

En 1652, John Tid pasa a William Johnson, la casa del carpintero fallecido de Henry Bullock en Charlestown, cerca de John Burridge, testigos: Michael Bakon y John Seer. [10]

En 1655, John Tidd, Sr. y su hijo John Tidd, Jr. aparecen en la lista de impuestos en Charlestown.

Familia

John se casó primero con Margaret (nombre de nacimiento desconocido, algunos afirman Greenleaf). Se casó con la segunda Alice (nombre de nacimiento desconocido, algunos afirman Teel o Clayton), quien se menciona en su testamento. (Alice le sobrevivió y se casó luego con William Mann).

Esta entrada en Torrey ciertamente sugiere que Alice se llamaba Teel, pero que no se encontró ningún registro de matrimonio real, y Teel podría ser fácilmente una errata de "Teed", una de las variaciones de "Tidd" utilizadas por esta familia.

  1. Samuel Tidd b 1617
  2. Mary Tidd b 1620 m Francis Kendall
  3. Ebenezer Tidd
  4. Joseph Tidd b después de 1620
  5. Hannah Tidd b c. 1622 m William Savell
  6. Elizabeth Tidd b 1622 m ____ Fuller
  7. John Tidd b c. 1625
  8. James Tidd b c. 1627

Dawes-Gates [4] da solo cinco hijos conocidos, todos nacidos en Inglaterra, con el orden de nacimiento desconocido: Samuel, Hannah, Mary, Elizabeth y John (n. 1618-19)

Muerte

John murió el 24 de abril de 1656 en Woburn. [13] (Por alguna razón, la fecha a menudo se copia como "24 de abril de 1656/7", pero abril o el segundo mes no están sujetos a la doble datación).


Miércoles, 16 de diciembre de 2020

¡Adiós 2020!

Sin embargo, la llegada de varias vacunas nos ha dado nuevas esperanzas de que algún día pronto podremos abrazar una vez más a nuestros seres queridos con seguridad.

Esta no es una buena época del año en cuanto al clima. Pero disfruto de las cosas pequeñas mientras no puedo viajar: la alegría de ver a nuestro residente Robin Redbreast los últimos crisantemos desafiando la lluvia de diciembre y los primeros presagios tentativos de la primavera cuando comienzan a aparecer los bulbos del próximo año.

Les deseo a todos una Feliz Navidad y los mejores deseos para el nuevo año.

¡Por tiempos mejores el próximo año!

Imagen: La aurora boreal en Laponia. Revista Penny, 21 de diciembre de 1833.


Richard Tidd - Historia

Fuente:
& quotHistoria del condado de Hardin Ohio, que contiene una historia del condado, sus municipios, pueblos, iglesias, escuelas, etc., estadísticas generales y locales. , Etc. & quot
Chicago: Warner, Beers & amp Co.1883.

Transcrito por L. Dietz y K. Torp


Cabeza redonda
Este fue el primer municipio organizado de las quince subdivisiones del condado de Hardin, de hecho, se erigió un año antes de la organización de este condado en 1833, y originalmente abarcaba una gran extensión de territorio al norte y al este de sus límites actuales. Con el paso de los años, se erigieron otros municipios y Round Read se redujo a sus dimensiones actuales. La primera elección general de oficiales del condado se llevó a cabo en la cabaña de Jonathon Carter el 1 de abril de 1833, y el número de votos emitidos fue de sesenta y tres. De esta elección y sus resultados, se remite al lector a la historia general, donde se encontrará un relato de caída de las elecciones pioneras y de los funcionarios bajo sus respectivos encabezados.
Este municipio tiene forma casi de paralelogramo en ángulo recto, que se extiende cerca de ocho ácaros de norte a sur, con un ancho promedio, de este a oeste, de aproximadamente tres millas y cuarto. Limita al norte con el municipio de Marion, al este con el municipio de McDonald, al sur con el condado de Logan y al oeste con el condado de Auglaize. Abarca tierras tanto del Congreso como de las Fuerzas Armadas de Virginia. La mayor parte de las tierras al norte del río Scioto son de la primera clase, y la parte al sur de dicho río son de la última clase de tierras.

CORRIENTES, SUPERFICIE, SUELO Y PRODUCTOS
En la esquina noroeste del municipio, pasando de oeste a este a través del centro de la Sección 6, de allí en un curso noreste a través de la parte noroeste de la Sección 5, hacia Marion Township, hay un pequeño arroyo, conocido como Pretty Ran. Un poco más de una milla al sur de esto, en la Sección 7, está Ford's Run, que ingresa desde el condado de Auglaize, y se dirige en dirección noreste a través de dicha Sección 7 y las Secciones 8, 9 y 4, pasando a Marion Township en la esquina noreste. de la última Sección nombrada. Pero la corriente principal es el río Scioto, que nace en la pradera en la parte oeste de este municipio y la parte este del condado de Auglaize, en la esquina suroeste de la Sección 30, y discurre en dirección sureste: desde allí hacia el este y noreste. hasta llegar a la línea este del municipio en la esquina noreste de la Sección 33, desde cuyo punto su curso es norte y noreste, formando la línea del límite este del municipio, hasta que entra en Marion Township en su esquina noreste. La superficie está nivelada y ondulada. En la parte central sur, a cierta distancia a cada lado del Scioto y por dicho arroyo en la parte este del municipio hasta llegar al pantano, la superficie es ondulada y en algunos lugares un poco accidentada. El saldo del municipio es generalmente llano. El suelo es principalmente arcilloso y franco, excepto algunas de las tierras bajas y planas y el pantano, que consiste en un franco profundo y negro. Casi todo es rico y productivo, y. como municipio, es un excelente cuerpo de tierra para fines agrícolas. Las tierras pantanosas de este municipio comprenden unas mil doscientas a mil quinientas acres, que en la actualidad es todavía casi inútil, ya que es demasiado húmedo para el cultivo, pero de esto no escribiremos nada más aquí, ya que se trata en su totalidad en un capítulo en la historia general del condado. El trigo, el maíz, la avena, la papa y el heno se producen en abundantes cultivos. La tierra era originalmente densamente arbolada, los bosques consistían en las variedades antes mencionadas en los otros municipios de este condado, a saber: roble blanco, negro y rojo, fresno, olmo, haya, arce, nogal, nogal, castaño de indias y sicomoro.

CARRETERAS Y PIKES
Este municipio no está favorecido con un ferrocarril dentro de sus límites, su estación más cercana y el punto de envío es Belle Center. Pero para carreteras y picas tiene abundante material, las colinas y las tierras onduladas están incrustadas con buena grava. El lucio Round Head & amp Ada atraviesa todo el municipio, cerca de su centro, de norte a sur. El Round Head & ampy Belle Center y el Kenton & amp Round Head, con uno o dos más, son buenos lucios y hacen que viajar a todos los puntos principales sea fácil y placentero.

PIONEROS.
El primer poblador de este municipio fue Samuel Tidd, oriundo de Pensilvania, quien se instaló en la Sección 21, en febrero de 1822, donde murió el 8 de marzo de 1851. A continuación, en el orden del tiempo, llegó la viuda Richey, con sus dos hijos, Samuel y Andrew, y ubicados en la Sección 20. También eran de Pensilvania, de donde emigraron al condado de Logan, Ohio. Aquí murió el padre, y en la fecha mencionada la familia se mudó a este municipio, donde aún residen los hijos. Un bosquejo más completo de estas familias se encontrará en la historia general del condado.

James Hilt llegó a Round Head Township durante el año 1825, y también se estableció en la Sección 20. Nació cerca de Baltimore, Maryland, de allí se trasladó al condado de Lancaster, Penn., Y posteriormente al condado de Logan, Ohio, de allí a Hardin. Permaneció aquí uno o dos años, y regresó al condado de Logan, pero, en 1833, volvió a llegar a este municipio, y se ubicó en el mismo tramo, donde murió, el 25 de septiembre de 1862, a la edad de noventa y nueve años. Su esposa murió, en 1851, a los setenta años de edad. Durante los últimos once años de su vida estuvo totalmente ciego. Fue miembro de la Iglesia Presbiteriana durante su juventud, posteriormente se unió a la Iglesia Metodista Episcopal con su esposa, y siguió siendo un cristiano serio y práctico, todos los días y un miembro devoto de esta iglesia durante más de sesenta años. Él era el padre de los siguientes hijos: John C., Nancy, Martin, Sarah, James, Rosanna, Samuel y Mary, todos ahora fallecidos menos .James, que ahora reside cerca de Huntersville.

John Mahan, un nativo de Kentucky, se casó con Susannah Tillott, y posteriormente se mudó al condado de Ross, Ohio, y, en octubre de 1828, llegó al municipio de Round Head y se estableció en el barrio sureste de la Sección 19, donde residió hasta su muerte. . Murió el 30 de abril de 1845, a la edad de sesenta y ocho años. Su esposa murió el 4 de septiembre de 1862, a la edad de sesenta y dos años. El Sr. Mahan, unos años después de ubicarse aquí, vio el inconveniente de ir veinte millas o más hasta el condado de Logan para moler, ya que esos eran los molinos más cercanos a este nuevo asentamiento, por lo que inmediatamente construyó un molino de potencia. Los buhrs estaban hechos de piedra de cabeza de negro: las ruedas motrices estaban hechas de bloques de madera, de forma triangular, la base era ovalada y estaba colocada en la circunferencia, con el ápice hacia el centro. Esta rueda se conectó luego con el caballo de fuerza por un cinturón de corteza de nogal, y el caballo, hecho girar en círculo, sujeto a la barra de barrido, puso toda la maquinaria en movimiento, cuando el grano se colocó en la tolva. pasó entre los buhrs y así se molió en harina. Aunque era algo imperfecto y lento en sus operaciones, en comparación con nuestros molinos de la actualidad, sin embargo, fue una gran conveniencia y ahorro de mucho tiempo y trabajo para los primeros pobladores, y durante unos años abasteció a la gente, hasta que mejor Se erigieron molinos. El Sr. Mahan estuvo casado dos veces. Después de la muerte de su primera esposa, se casó con Susan Hillman, oriunda de Pensilvania. Sus hijos, con su primera esposa, fueron Mary, Mattie, Nancy, Elizabeth, James, John y Lydia, todos ahora fallecidos excepto Charles, Nancy y Lydia. De su segunda esposa tuvo a Samuel, David, Wesley, William, Henry, Sarah J., Eliza Ann, Asa, Edward H., Margaret y Clay, este último murió en el ejército en la guerra de rebelión.

Joseph W. Bowdle, nativo de Maryland, emigró al condado de Ross, Ohio, en 1800, donde se casó con Lucretia Brown, oriunda del estado de Delaware. En el otoño de 1831, se mudó con su familia a este municipio y se estableció en el barrio noroeste de la Sección 19, donde vivió hasta su muerte, en noviembre de 1856, y sus restos ahora descansan en el cementerio de Salem, en el condado de Allen. Su esposa murió varios años antes de su muerte. Fue juez asociado del condado de Hardin desde 1833 hasta 1839. Sus hijos fueron James B., Jesse L., Rebecca C., Nelson R., Priscilla, Isaac N., Thomas W., Milton W., Ann C. y William D. Mr. Bowdle fue uno de los primeros jueces asociados de este país. En religión, era metodista y fue un exhortador en esa iglesia durante muchos años, incluso mucho antes de establecerse en el condado de Hardin.

Jesse Bowdle, hermano del Joseph Bowdle mencionado anteriormente, se casó con Lillie Bowdle en el condado de Ross, y llegó aquí en el otoño de 1832 y se estableció en la mitad este del barrio suroeste de la Sección 18, donde murió en 1862. Sr. Bowdle Fue predicador local en la Iglesia Metodista durante más de cuarenta años. Sus hijos fueron David S., Samuel P., Henry S. y Elizabeth.

Entre los primeros pobladores de esta parte del condado de Hardin se encontraban William y Jane Given. Era un nativo de Maryland y su esposa de Virginia. En 1797, William Given emigró al condado de Ross, Ohio: se casó allí y. en 1829, se trasladó a Round Head Township, Hardin Co., Ohio, donde residió hasta su muerte en 1848, su viuda le sobrevivió hasta 1851, cuando ella también falleció. De sus hijos, Alexander aún sobrevive y reside en McDonald Township, en cuya historia se encontrará una biografía de él.

William Ford llegó aquí desde el condado de Adams, Ohio, y se estableció en la orilla norte del río Scioto, justo encima de Round Head, en 1831-32. Se casó con la Sra. Elizabeth Donaldson, del condado de Adams. Residió aquí hasta su muerte. Murió el 9 de septiembre de 1865, a la edad de setenta y tres años. Su esposa murió solo un año después, el 9 de septiembre de 1866, a la edad de sesenta y siete años. Niños: William, Ellis, Harvey, Milton y Jane.

Jacob Thomson nació en el condado de Ross, se casó con Elizabeth Clark, en el condado de Pickaway, y alrededor de 1832-33 se instaló en Round Head, donde, se dice, erigió la primera cabaña después de que la ciudad fue diseñada y planificada. Ho residió aquí hasta su muerte. Sus hijos fueron los siguientes: Elizabeth, William, Henry, Martha y Lewis.

John T. Scott vino aquí desde el condado de Champaign, Ohio, y se estableció en la orilla norte, en un terreno contiguo a William Irwin en el sur. Se casó con Lucy Henry, del condado de Logan, Ohio, con quien tuvo los siguientes hijos: John, Eliza, Benjamin, Jane, Permelia, Nancy y quizás algunos otros.

David Groves, nativo de Virginia, nacido en el condado de Frederick, en 1798, se casó con Sarah Sheets, se trasladó a Maryland de allí al condado de Madison, Ohio y, en 1833, llegó a este municipio y se estableció en el barrio suroeste de la Sección 7. donde ingresó 160 acres, también ochenta acres contiguos, en la Sección 18. Aquí residió unos treinta años, cuando vendió su granja, y finalmente se ubicó en la Sección 8, donde murió el 26 de febrero de 1880. Era miembro de la Iglesia Metodista casi toda su vida, y predicador local en la misma durante muchos años. Hijos: Mary, Sevilla, Henry, Sarah, Ann, Rebecca y Jane, todos fallecidos, excepto Sarah y Jane.

Richard Rutledge vino del condado de Logan y se estableció en el barrio noreste de la Sección 19, en el otoño de 1832, y permaneció como residente, aquí y en la sección contigua hasta su muerte. Murió el 12 de enero de 1875, a la edad de setenta y seis años. Estuvo casado dos veces: primero con Mary Lewis, con quien tuvo los siguientes hijos: Lewis, Benjamin W., Thomas J., Harriet y otros que murieron jóvenes. Su segunda esposa fue la Sra. Sarah Lay, de quien tuvo un hijo, Sampson M. El Sr. Rutledge sirvió durante varios años como Juez de Paz: era un miembro devoto de la Iglesia Metodista, un vecino amable y un ciudadano digno.

Thomas Livingston vino aquí desde el condado de Clark, Ohio, y se estableció en Round Head en 1834, donde erigió su cabaña y mantuvo la primera cabaña de la ciudad. Se casó con Nancy Reed. Residieron aquí hasta aproximadamente 1840, cuando se mudaron al condado de Roes: de allí a Indiana, y son nuevos residentes de Winchester, en ese estado. De sus hijos, aprendemos los siguientes nombres: María, Johnson, Sophronia, Thomas y Sarah. El Sr. Livingston era un predicador con licencia en la Iglesia Metodista Episcopal.

Uriah McKennan llegó aquí desde el condado de Logan, Ohio, en 1834, y se estableció en la Sección 17, donde murió. Estuvo casado dos veces, primero con la señorita Inskeep, con quien tuvo a John M., Margaret A., Benjamin W., Levi y Daniel F. Su segunda esposa fue Jane Sharp, quien le dio a luz a Nancy y Henry: hubo algunos otros, pero murieron jóvenes. El Sr. McKennan fue un hombre de carácter y habilidad y un ministro del Evangelio durante muchos años.

Alexander Templeton, nativo de Pensilvania, pero que se convirtió en uno de los primeros colonos en Bellefontaine, donde se dedicó al comercio mercantil, y en 1833 se trasladó a Round Head, abrió la primera tienda en esa ciudad. Allí se dedicó a la actividad mercantil durante varios años, luego centró su atención en las actividades agrícolas hasta su muerte, el 10 de septiembre de 1863. Se casó con Mary Ann Wapace, oriunda de Virginia. Murió el 25 de noviembre de 1857. Sus hijos fueron Ann Maria, Samuel, W. Wallace, Robert R., Sarah Jane, Milton y David, quienes murieron jóvenes. El Sr. Templeton mantuvo un alto carácter y fue muy estimado y respetado. Era un anciano gobernante en la Iglesia Presbiteriana.

Tres hermanos - William, Robert y Thompson Irwin - nativos del condado de Champaign, Ohio, se establecieron en este municipio en la primavera de 1835. Este último era entonces bastante joven y residió con su hermano, Robert, durante un tiempo, y luego se fue , pero posteriormente se casó y regresó y se estableció aquí, donde desde entonces ha permanecido como residente. William, con su padre, Thomas Irwin, se estableció a orillas del Scioto, en la Sección 31. Se casó con la señorita Eliza J. Zimmerman y ha residido, casi toda su vida desde entonces, en la Sección 31, donde ahora vive. Es padre de los siguientes hijos: Ruth J., Rachel L., Ahasuerus C. y Robert McHatton. Robert se casó y se estableció justo encima de William, en la misma sección, donde ha residido desde entonces.

Andrew Zimmerman, un nativo de Maryland, se casó con Ruth Taylor y emigró al condado de Ross, Ohio, alrededor del año 1800. En el otoño de 1835, se mudó a este municipio y se estableció en el barrio noroeste de la Sección 32, donde murió, en septiembre 14 de 1844, setenta años. Su esposa murió el 24 de noviembre de 1855, a la edad de setenta años. Sus hijos fueron John, Andrew, Jefferson, Obadiah, Elijah D., George, Elizabeth, Margaret, Delilah, Maria, Lavinia y Eliza Jane.

Michael Zimmerman, hermano del Andrew mencionado anteriormente, se casó con Barbara Taylor y se estableció aquí, en la misma fecha, en el barrio suroeste de la Sección 33, cerca de Round Head, donde murió el 12 de marzo de 1849, a la edad de setenta y dos años. Su esposa murió el 21 de septiembre de 1852, a la edad de setenta y seis años. Sus hijos fueron Henry, Michael, Samuel, Cynthia, Maria y algunos otros que murieron jóvenes. Robert Breece, de ascendencia galesa, vino aquí desde el condado de Logan y se instaló en la sección 32 en el otoño de 1835. Se casó con la señorita Lydia Henry del condado de Logan. Murió el 19 de julio de 1849, a la edad de cincuenta y cinco años. Su esposa murió el 9 de noviembre de 1866, a los sesenta y tres años. Sus hijos fueron John, George, William, Griffith, Jane, Nancy, Margaret, Mary y Amanda.

John F. Henkle, un nativo de Virginia, llegó al condado de Logan de allí, en marzo de 1835, llegó al municipio de Round Head y se estableció en la Sección 10, donde residió varios años, luego se mudó a Round Head y residió en la ciudad y vecindad muchos años, pero posteriormente se trasladó a Kenton, donde murió el 11 de noviembre de 1872. Se casó dos veces primero con Sarah Vanmeter, con quien tuvo los siguientes hijos: Henry R. Ann Maria, Mary E., Seth V. e Ira A. Su segunda esposa fue Eliza A. Scott, quien le dio tres hijos: Scott, John F. y Eva.

Reuben Henkle, cuando tenía diez años de edad, vino con la familia de su padre desde el condado de Bedford, Virginia, al condado de Clark, Ohio, donde posteriormente se casó con Elizabeth Yazel y, en febrero de 1838, se mudó a este municipio y se estableció en el barrio sureste. de la Sección 20, donde murió, el 23 de octubre de 1854, a la edad de cincuenta años. Su esposa aún sobrevive y reside en el antiguo lugar de la granja. Sus hijos fueron los siguientes: Eliza A., Maria, Sarah, Isaac, Amanda, John M., Cyrus W., Ambrose D., Mary y Lather.

William Moore, nativo de Pensilvania, se casó con Sarah Sample y, en la primavera de 1834, se mudó a Ohio, visitando a su hermana, la Sra. George Hoover, en el condado de Logan, donde dejó a su familia durante unas semanas, mientras llegó a Round Head Township y entró en 160 acres de terreno, el cuarto sureste de la Sección 5- y, en junio del mismo año, se instaló con su familia en dicho terreno, donde residió hasta su muerte. Murió el 9 de febrero de 1853, a la edad de sesenta y tres años. Su esposa murió, el 3 de septiembre de 1851, a la edad de sesenta y tres años. El Sr. Moore era herrero de oficio, negocio que siguió en relación con la agricultura durante toda su vida. Fue padre de los siguientes hijos: John, James, Jane, Eliza, Asenith, William, Sarah, Huldah, Diary, Letitia y Urzilla.

Watson Spencer vino aquí desde el condado de Champaign, Ohio, en 1835. Se casó con Nellie Rutledge, con quien tuvo los siguientes hijos: Mary Ann, Thomas Jefferson, Elizabeth, Louisa, Melissa y John. Su esposa murió y posteriormente se casó con Nancy Rutledge, con quien tuvo varios hijos, de los cuales fueron Alexander y James.

Lorenzo Dow Lay se convirtió en uno de los primeros pobladores de este municipio, ubicándose aquí, es cierto, ya en 1832-33, pero residió aquí solo unos pocos años hasta su muerte.

Se cree que George Blalock era un colono, ya en 1830-31 era un herrero de oficio, un personaje peculiar, del que aprendimos muy poco.

Lo anterior abarca, creemos, a los principales pobladores tempranos entre 1822 y 1835, después de lo cual el municipio se asentó con bastante rapidez.

ESCUELAS .
Durante varios años después de que los primeros colonos se ubicaron en esta parte del condado, estuvieron tan alejados entre sí, siendo todo el país un bosque denso, que era imposible establecer escuelas, pero tan pronto como había suficientes colonos en un vecindario. Para recaudar mediante suscripción una cantidad suficiente para contratar a un maestro, encontramos que se han tomado las medidas necesarias para hacerlo. Muy temprano, varias familias unieron sus esfuerzos y erigieron una pequeña cabaña de troncos en la sección 21, donde Peter C. McArthur fue empleado como primer maestro. Se cree que esta fue la primera escuela en Round Head Township. Pronto se llevó a cabo otra escuela en el vecindario de Bowdle and Rutledge, y luego una en Round Head. Finalmente, el municipio se dividió en distritos escolares, se estableció la ley de escuelas gratuitas y las escuelas aumentaron y prosperaron. El municipio ahora está dividido en siete subdistritos escolares, con siete buenas escuelas con ocho salones, que emplean a ocho maestros. Salario promedio pagado a los maestros por mes, hombres, $ 36. mujeres, $ 24. Número promedio de semanas que las escuelas estuvieron en sesión, 30. Matrícula de académicos, niños, 151 niñas, 128 en total, 279. Total de ingresos para fines escolares, $ 3,104.08 de gastos totales, $ 2,332.38 saldo disponible 1 de septiembre de 1882, $ 771.70 de valoración total de la escuela propiedad, $ 4.200.

PUEBLOS Y PUEBLOS.
Este municipio posee una sola aldea, Round Head, que fue inspeccionada y distribuida en lotes, calles y callejones por James W. Marmon, inspector del condado de Logan, para Jonathan Carter, propietario, el 16 de julio de 1832. Se registra el plano original. en Logan County Records, Libro D, página 356, y contenía treinta y seis lotes. Jonathan Carter's Northern Addition was made and surveyed October 17, 1839, and the acknowledgment made before Richard Rutledge, a Justice of the Peace, April 30, 1841. The town never has had the advantages of a railroad or manufacturing interests to enhance its growth, but has been a strictly rural village. A post office was early established here, and a considerable amount of mercantile trade has continued to be done down to the present time. The first cabin erected here was by Mr. Carter, when he first settled here, but after the town was laid out, Jacob Thompson is said to have built the first house. Thomas Livingston kept the first tavern. Alexander Templeton opened the first store. Dr. Smith and Dr. Starrett were the first physicians.

This town was named after the township, which is said to have been named in honor of the Indian chief of that name, of whom a further account is given-together with the Indian town at this place in the general history of the county. Some fine, large apple trees are still standing here, which are said to have been planted by Indians. One tree, on Mr. Jacobs' lot, is a very large and thrifty tree, and continues to bear good crops of fine apples. The business interests of Round head now embrace four general stores, one saw mill, two blacksmith shops and one blacksmith and carriage and wagon shop, one drug store, one milliner and dress-maker, two hotels, one livery and feed stable and two physicians.

CHURCHES
Methodist Episcopal Church, of Round Head.
-- The exact date of the organization of the first class here is difficult to figure with certainty, but from certain circumstances and evidences that are obtainable, it was probably between 1830 and 1832, and consisted of the following persons: Donald McArthur and wife, John McArthur and wife, Margaret McArthur, Jonathan Carter and wife, William Given and wife, James D. Lay, Rebecca Campbell and perhaps a few others, with Rebecca Campbell as Class Leader. The class, it is believed, was organized at the house of Donald McArthur and services were held there, and at the house of Jonathan Carter for several years. About 1840-42, a house was erected for church purposes, which served them until about 1852-54, when they erected their present frame church, in which services have since been held. The present membership of the church is twenty-seven, with Jeremiah Kelly as Pastor, and Marion Herford as Steward Class Leader, Martin Wilson, Trustees, Marion Herford, Isaac Gilman, William Jacobs and Hiram Cooney.

Fletcher Chapel Methodist Episcopal Church
-- This society was organized, it is believed, in the fall of 1832, at the house of Joseph W. Bowdle, consisting of the following members: Joseph W. Bowdle, Lucretia Bowdle, James B. Bowdle, Elizabeth Bowdle, Jesse L. Bowdle, Rebecca Bowdle. Priscilla Bowdle, James Hill, Sarah Hill, John Hill, Martin Hill, Nancy Hill, James Hill, Jr., David Groves, Sarah Groves, Richard Rutledge, Mary Rutledge, Harriet Rutledge, and, it is possible, one or two others, with Joseph W. Bowdle as Class Leader. Services were held at Mr. Bowdle's house, until the erection of a log house on the same lot occupied by the present house, which served as a house of worship and it was burned in 1860. Then, in the same, year, they erected the present frame house, at a cost of about $700, besides voluntary contributions in labor and material. Some of the early ministers who served as pastors of this church, were Revs. John Stewart, Patrick G. Good, Daniel D. Davidson, Ethan Allen and Spafford. Early class leaders: Aaron Oram, Samuel P. Bowdle and Joseph W. Bowdle. The church now has a membership of about seventy, with Jeremiah Kelly as Pastor F. A. Perry, William Lowrey and William B. Bowdle. Class Leaders William T. Bowdle, Steward, and F. A. Berry, William Ohler, William Hiatt and James B. Bowdle, Trustees.

Pleasant Hill Methodist Episcopal Church.
-- About 1835, this society was organized at the house of James Hill, by Rev. John Brakefield, consisting of the following members: James Hill, Elizabeth Hill, Samuel Rutledge, Rosanna Rutledge, James Lay, Viletta Lay, and possibly one or two others, with James Hill as Class Leader. They held services at the house of Mr. Hill, until the erection of a log house for church purposes, in 1848, which was built on the same lot of the present church. This house served them until, in 1856, the present frame house was erected, at a cost of about $800. The church was dedicated in December of that year, by Rev. Hiram Shaffer. The following ministers have served this church as pastors: Revs. Brakefield, Wareham, S. L. Yourtee, Aries Rumfield, John Blanpied, William Godman, Thomas Gard, Hibbard P. Ward, Jacob Holmes and Samuel Boggs. Class Leaders: James Hill, John A. Dunlap, William Romack, John Goslee, Samuel Hill, Alexander Dempster, Jacob Johnson, Samuel Tidd, Thomas Birchfield, Marion Dunlap and J. R. Hill. The present membership is about fifty, with Rev. J. S. Kelly as Pastor Thomas Birchfield, Marion Dunlap and J. R. Hill, Class Leaders Arsamous Ripley and James Goslee, Stewards, and John Goslee, A. Ripley, Harrison Waiters, A. Dempster and J. R. Hill, Trustees.

Methodist Protestant Church
-- It is difficult now to ascertain the exact year in which this society was organized, or what minister officiated in its organization But from the best and most definite information we could gather, a class must have been formed about 1840, embracing the following persons: John Mahan and wife, Mathew Mahan and wife, Reuben Henkle and wife, Mr. McGinnis and wife, Uriah McKennan and wife, and two or more of John Mahan's children. Services were held in private houses and in the schoolhouse until about 1858-60, when they erected the present frame church, which has served them to the present time as a house of worship.

United Presbyterian Church of Round Head
-- This society was organized at the Newburg Church, May 2, 1859, by Rev. Joseph McHatton, with the following members: A. Templeton, C. I. Brooks. John Ghormley, Samuel G. Rogers, Samuel Templeton, Robert Irwin. Sr., Robert Irwin Jr., Harriet N. Brooks, Jane Irwin, Ann E. Rogers, M. N. Rogers, Agues Coffelt, Eliza Hindman, Joseph Junkins, Martha Junkins, Ira Morton, Sarah J. Templeton, Robert R. Templeton, Milton Templeton, Minerva J. Ghormley, William Erwin, Eliza J. Erwin, Andrew Reed, Mary Reed and Eliza Irwin with Alexander Templeton, William Irwin and C. I. Brooks elected Ruling Elders. Services have been held every four weeks, with considerable regularity, in the Methodist Church at Round Head, until about one year ago, since which they have been without a pastor. The following ministers have served the church: Revs. John L. Bull, William C. Dun, J. L. Buchanan, the latter eleven years, followed by J. E. Kerr, William Brooks and Rev. Ferguson. Present membership, about thirty. Present Elder: William Irwin, Robert Irwin, John J. Irwin and Russell Hutchison.

CEMETERIES.
Henkle Cemetery - This piece of land is situated on the extreme southeast corner of the southeast quarter of Section 20, and was donated for this purpose by Reuben Henkle. The first occupant of this land was James Hill, who settled here in 1825, and whose aged mother died either in 1825 or in 1826, and was the first person interred in this cemetery. The second person was Phoebe Lay, since which it has received the remains of many of the pioneers - John Mahan, Samuel Tidd, William Given and others.

Round Head Cemetery - This was first dedicated to use by the reception of the body of Samuel Zimmerman, a son of Michael Zimmerman, who died August 1, 1836, aged nineteen years since which the grounds have been filled with the dead of the early settlers and others of this vicinity. A few years since, the Trustees purchased grounds just east of Round Head, on nice, elevated lands, which they have laid off into lots and fenced and improved, so that it is now a pleasant location, and well suited for the purposes intended.

Pleasant Hill Cemetery -- This consists of about two-thirds of an acre, which was donated for the purpose by James Hill, about 1848. The first person buried here was Margaret Sharp. It has since become nearly filled. In the spring of 1879, the Trustees purchased two acres of land of Samuel J. Wirick, a little south of the church, and on the east side of the pike, fenced and laid it off into lots, and have made it a nice cemetery. First buried here was Marietta Hill, a daughter of James R. and Elizabeth Hill. She died November 11, 1879.


Fascinated by Charlestown, MA and the Tidd Family

When studying the Tidd family, who seem to have first come to the colonies in about 1637, I reviewed the works of many authors. Recently I purchased two books relative to the town of Charlestown, Massachusetts where they are known to have first inhabited. The first book is From Deference to Defiance, Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1629-1692 by Roger Thompson, published by the New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, 2012, 593 pages. The second book is Charlestown, Mass. Vol. 1Vital Records to 1850 by Roger D. Joslyn, published by the New England Historical Genealogical Society, Boston, 1984, 919 pages.

The first book covers the following topics, with notations about the Tidd family:
Peopling, the Origins - includes the tax list of 16 November 1658, Josh Tid page 49.
Town - includes a list of officeholders, J. Tidd held several, pages 60, 62, 73, 77.
Land - includes a map ca. 1638 showing Tidd property between Harvard St. and Crooked Lane, page 100 Josiah Tidd one of the founding elite, page 96.
Sea - includes a list of Charlestown Maritime Inhabitants, 1630-1685, J Tidd merchant and retailer 1656-1678, page 150 Joshua Tidd battle with neighbor John Trumball, page 155 Joshua Tidd v. Richard Collicutt court case 1656-1657, pages 174-180 his eldest daughter Sarah married the successful sea captain Zechariah Long, page 176 Trumball cases and Tidd family references, note on page 176 Joshua Tidd merchant, small business, Maine, pages 255, 258 Sarah (Tidd) Long died on 3 July 1674, page 274.
Church
Women
Violence - Joshua Tidd customer of John Cromwell embroiled in the beaver trade with the Indians in the Kennebec Valley in Maine, other customers were Francis Norton, Richard Russell, and Richard Sprague, found in Cromwell's records, page 474 and note.
Defiance
Epilogue
Index - pages 537-593.

On page 176, " Joshua Tidd or Tead (1607-78), by now about fifty, had arrived in Charlestown in 1637 from Hertford, a renowned Puritan center twenty-five miles north of London, which gave its name to the capital of Connecticut. He became a church member in 1639. By trade he was a carpenter, a highly valued and well paid profession. He served the town as constable, and Middlesex County as grand juryman, acting as foreman in 1655. In 1648 he built a shop and portal by the east door of the meetinghouse. In the 1660s and 1670s he was twice a selectman, as well as rate commissioner, ensign, and then lieutenant of the militia. In the year of the seizure, his eldest daughter Sarah married the successful sea captain Zechariah Long. During the 1650s, Tidd used Chelmsford fur trader John Cromwell as his agent in small transactions with Indian trappers. He also dealt with Captain John Trumbell for English goods, especially fabrics and haberdashery. His bruising experiences with both Trumball and the Kennebec residents seem to have driven him back to woodworking. In 1668, he managed major renovations of the meetinghouse. Inside the building he had been recruited as reliably orthodox by the three deacons in 1665 to help them contain and control the Baptist challenge. He refused an unusual third term in the responsible but time-consuming job of constable, and his reasons were eventually accepted. He lived a long and useful life in Charlestown, a reliable middle manager in the militia, church, and town government. The Kennebec imbroglio appears a rare external venture."
The sources for this information include Hertford: "John Dane's Relation", R8 (1854), 147-56 life: Wyman, Savage, Cromwell Rodgers, 2:60, and below, "Mass Violence." Trumbull and Tidd fell out in 1658 and again in 1663Tidd won three cases of debt as defendant, MxCCRB, 1:161, 278, 292 D&O, 1 docs 758, 763, 2228, 2245, 2253 see above, "The Sea: Introduction." On 31 December 1671, he had bought L5 worth of carpenters' nails and steel imported from London. Hull, Letter Book, 46."

The second book covers the following topics, with notations about the Tidd family:
Earliest Charlestown Vital Records in the Massachusetts Bay Colony Record Volume, pages 1-10
Charlestown Vital Records in Middlesex County Records, pages 11-32
Charlestown Town Vital Records Volume 1- Part I, pages 33-262
Charlestown Town Vital Records Volume 1- Part II, pages 263-446
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 1- Part I, pages 447-496
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 1- Part I, pages 497-586
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 2, pages 587-742
Charlestown Marriage Intentions Volume 3, pages 743-752
Other Charlestown Marriages from Transcript, pages 753-756
Index of Persons, pages 757-910
Index of Subjects and Places Outside of Charlestown, pages 911-919

Tidd, Ted, Teed, Tid
Elizabeth Ted married Samuel Lords, by Mr. Ric. Russell, Oct. 15 [altered from 10], 1667, page 25.
Miss Hannah Tidd of Medford, married Mr. Caleb Brooks of Charlestown, entered Sept. 7, 1806, page 524.
John Tid, son of Joshua & Sara, b. 15 (4) 1641, page 9.
Joseph Tid, son of Joshua & Sarah, b. 15 (10) 1643, page 9.
Joshua pages 9 as above, 103 as below.
Samuel Tidd of Woburn & Lucy Gardner of this town, entered Dec. 9, 1769, page 488.
Sara Tid, page 9 as above.
Sarah Tid, pages 9 as above Sarah Tid married Zach. Long by Mr. Ri. Russell, Commr. Sept. 24, [16] 56, page 20 Sarah Teed, wife [of] Joshua Teed, 71, d. Oct. 15, 1677, page 103.

His will dated Apr. 9, 1656, probated Nov. 10, 1656, bequeathes to wife Alice, son John, Daus. Mary and Elizabeth to son Savell's children, Benjamin, Hannah, John and Samuel to son Samuel's daus. to grandchildren, Thomas Fuller and John Kendall.
The Snow-Estes Ancestry at ancestry.com

In the first book on page 125 there is the following:
"In 1637, Charlestown's grazing common, on the Mainland (roughly modern Somerville), was assigned by the town meeting to a hundred and thirteen inhabitants, known as the Proprietors."
Were John and Joshua part of this group?

From the Hertford, England church records three of the children of Joshua and Sarah have been located. Their family is as follows:
1. Joshua Tidd, christened 17 June 1631/32 in Hertford, married Ruth Gardner 15 Oct. 1677 in Charlestown.
2. Elizabeth Tidd, christened 20 August 1634 in Hertford, married Samuel Lords 15 Oct. 1667 in Charlestown.
3. Sarah Tidd, christened 15 January 1636 in Hertford, she probably died there.
4. Sarah Tidd, christened 2 June 1639 in Charlestown, married Zachariah Long 24 September 1656 in Charlestown, died 2 July 1674 in Charlestown.
5. John Teed, born 15 June1641 in Charlestown, married Mary Jennings in 1666 in Huntington, Suffolk, New York, and died there in 1685.
6. Joseph Teed, born 15 December 1643 in Charlestown, died 15 September 1678.

From the Field Dalling, Norfolk, England church records the first five children of John and his wife Margaret Greenleaf have been located. Their family is as follows:
1. Elizabeth Tidd, 15 September 1617 in Field Dalling, married Thomas Fuller 13 April 1643 in Woburn, died in 1684.
2. Susan Tidd, born in 1619 in Field Dalling.
3. John Tidd, born in 1621 in Field Dalling, married Rebecca Wood 14 April 1650 in Woburn, died 13 April 1703 in Lexington.
4. Mary Tidd, born in 1623 in Field Dalling, married Francis Kendall 24 December 1644 in Woburn, died 1705 in Woburn.
5. William Tidd, born 1626 in Field Dalling, no record in New England.
6. Samuel Tidd, birth unknown, married Sarah 13 April 1650 in Salem.
7. Hannah Tidd, birth unknown, married William Savell, children Benjamin, Hannah, John and Samuel, she died before 1656.

Many people have researched these families. With the availability of records increasing every day, there may be answers to the questions surrounding them. They were held in high esteem in each of their respective towns. Reading the first book, From Deference to Defiance, I am learning more about the cultures that they lived in even if little of the information is specific to them. It is time that I return to the original records available for these locations and explore the records for more information about the Tidd famiies. From the information about the children's births it appears that the families lived in specific locations in England. Learning about whom they may have traveled with, the direct connection between John and Joshua, and then what became of their children will help me in piecing together the family history. I appreciate that I came across both books and ordered them for personal reading. It takes a lot of time to read and decipher the content, but I am gaining valuable insight into the records that will help in my search.

Consider ordering a book about a locality you are researching to explore the culture that affected your ancestor's lives. Now I need to go finish reading the first book, as I am still only halfway through.


Another Version

Thomas Spence, a schoolteacher from Newcastle arrived in London in December 1792. Over the next twenty-two years Spence developed a reputation as an important radical figure in Britain. He wrote books, pamphlets and produced a journal, Pigs Meat, where he argued for the radical transformation of society. The publication of this material resulted in him enduring several periods of imprisonment.

Spence did not believe in a centralized radical body and instead encouraged the formation of small groups that could meet in local public houses. At these meetings Thomas Spence argued that "if all the land in Britain was shared out equally, there would be enough to give every man, woman and child seven acres each". At night the men walked the streets and chalked on the walls slogans such as "Spence's Plan and Full Bellies" and "The Land is the People's Farm". In 1800 and 1801 the authorities believed that Spence and his followers were responsible for bread riots in London. However, they did not have enough evidence to arrest them for this offence.

Drawing of Arthur Thistlewood killing Richard Smithers

Thomas Spence died in September 1814. He was buried by "forty disciples" who pledged that they would keep his ideas alive. They did this by forming the Society of Spencean Philanthropists. The men met in small groups all over London. These meetings mainly took place in public houses and they discussed the best way of achieving an equal society. Places used included the Mulberry Tree in Moorfields, the Carlisle in Shoreditch, the Cock in Soho, the Pineapple in Lambeth, the White Lion in Camden, the Horse and Groom in Marylebone and the Nag's Head in Carnaby Market.

The government became very concerned about this group that they employed a spy, John Castle, to join the Spenceans and report on their activities. In October 1816 Castle reported to John Stafford, supervisor of Home Office spies, that the Spenceans were planning to overthrow the British government.

On 2nd December 1816, the Spencean group organised a mass meeting at Spa Fields, Islington. The speakers at the meeting included Henry 'Orator' Hunt and James Watson. The magistrates decided to disperse the meeting and while Stafford and eighty police officers were doing this, one of the men, Joseph Rhodes, was stabbed. The four leaders of the Spenceans, James Watson, Arthur Thistlewood, Thomas Preston and John Hopper were arrested and charged with high treason.

George Cruikshank, Cato Street Conspiracy (1820)

James Watson was the first to be tried. However, the main prosecution witness was the government spy, John Castle. The defence council was able to show that Castle had a criminal record and that his testimony was unreliable. The jury concluded that Castle was an agent provocateur (a person employed to incite suspected people to some open action that will make them liable to punishment) and refused to convict Watson. As the case against Watson had failed, it was decided to release the other three men who were due to be tried for the same offence.

The Spenceans continued to meet after the trial but the members now disagreed about the future strategy of the group. Arthur Thistlewood was convinced a successful violent revolution was possible. James Watson now doubted the wisdom of this strategy and although he still attended meetings, he gradually lost control of the group to the more militant ideas of Thistlewood.

The government remained concerned about the Spenceans and in January, 1817 John Stafford asked a police officer, George Ruthven, to join the group. Ruthven discovered that the Spenceans were planning an armed rising. Arthur Thistlewood, claimed at one meeting that he could raise 15,000 armed men in just half an hour. As a result of this information, John Williamson, John Shegoe, James Hanley, George Edwards and Thomas Dwyer were also recruited by Stafford to spy on the Spenceans.

The Peterloo Massacre in Manchester increased the amount of anger the Spenceans felt towards the government. At one meeting a spy reported that Arthur Thistlewood said: "High Treason was committed against the people at Manchester. I resolved that the lives of the instigators of massacre should atone for the souls of murdered innocents."

On 22nd February 1820, George Edwards pointed out to Arthur Thistlewood an item in the New Times that said several members of the British government were going to have dinner at Lord Harrowby's house at 39 Grosvenor Square the following night. Thistlewood argued that this was the opportunity they had been waiting for. It was decided that a group of Spenceans would gain entry to the house and kill all the government ministers. The heads of Lord Castlereagh and Lord Sidmouth would be placed on poles and taken around the slums of London. Thistlewood was convinced that this would incite an armed uprising that would overthrow the government. This would be followed by the creation of a new government committed to creating a society based on the ideas of Thomas Spence.

Over the next few hours Thistlewood attempted to recruit as many people as possible to take part in the plot. Many people refused and according to the police spy, George Edwards, only twenty-seven people agreed to participate. This included William Davidson, James Ings, Richard Tidd, John Brunt, John Harrison, James Wilson, Richard Bradburn, John Strange, Charles Copper, Robert Adams and John Monument.

William Davidson had worked for Lord Harrowby in the past and knew some of the staff at Grosvenor Square. He was instructed to find out more details about the cabinet meeting. However, when he spoke to one of the servants he was told that the Earl of Harrowby was not in London. When Davidson reported this news back to Arthur Thistlewood, he insisted that the servant was lying and that the assassinations should proceed as planned.

One member of the gang, John Harrison, knew of a small, two-story building in Cato Street that was available for rent. The ground-floor was a stable and above that was a hayloft. As it was only a short distance from Grosvenor Square, it was decided to rent the building as a base for the operation. Edwards told Stafford of the plan and Richard Birnie, a magistrate at Bow Street, was put in charge of the operation. Lord Sidmouth instructed Birnie to use men from the Second Battalion Coldstream Guards as well as police officers from Bow Street to arrest the Cato Street Conspirators.

Birnie decided to send George Ruthven, a police officer and former spy who knew most of the Spenceans, to the Horse and Groom, a public house that overlooked the stable in Cato Street. On 23rd February, Ruthven took up his position at two o'clock in the afternoon. Soon afterwards Thistlewood's gang began arriving at the stable. By seven thirty Richard Birnie and twelve police officers joined Ruthven at Cato Street.

The Coldstream Guards had not arrived and Birnie decided he had enough men to capture the Cato Street gang. Birnie gave orders for Ruthven to carry out the task while he waited outside. Inside the stable the police found James Ings on guard. He was quickly overcome and George Ruthven led his men up the ladder into the hayloft where the gang were having their meeting. As he entered the loft Ruthven shouted, "We are peace officers. Lay down your arms." Arthur Thistlewood and William Davidson raised their swords while some of the other men attempted to load their pistols. One of the police officers, Richard Smithers, moved forward to make the arrests but Thistlewood stabbed him with his sword. Smithers gasped, "Oh God, I am. " and lost consciousness. Smithers died soon afterwards.

Some of the gang surrendered but others like William Davidson were only taken after a struggle. Four of the conspirators, Thistlewood, John Brunt, Robert Adams and John Harrison escaped out of a back window. However, George Edwards had given the police a detailed list of all those involved and the men were soon arrested.

Eleven men were eventually charged with being involved in the Cato Street Conspiracy. After the experience of the previous trial of the Spenceans, Lord Sidmouth was unwilling to use the evidence of his spies in court. George Edwards, the person with a great deal of information about the conspiracy, was never called. Instead the police offered to drop charges against certain members of the gang if they were willing to give evidence against the rest of the conspirators. Two of these men, Robert Adams and John Monument, agreed and they provided the evidence needed to convict the rest of the gang.

William Davidson said in court: "It is an ancient custom to resist tyranny. And our history goes on further to say, that when another of their Majesties the Kings of England tried to infringe upon those rights, the people armed, and told him that if he did not give them the privileges of Englishmen, they would compel him by the point of the sword. Would you not rather govern a country of spirited men, than cowards? I can die but once in this world, and the only regret left is, that I have a large family of small children, and when I think of that, it unmans me."

On 28th April 1820, Arthur Thistlewood, William Davidson, James Ings, Richard Tidd, and John Brunt were found guilty of high treason and sentenced to death. John Harrison, James Wilson, Richard Bradburn, John Strange and Charles Copper were also found guilty but their original sentence of execution was subsequently commuted to transportation for life. Thistlewood, Davidson, Ings, Tidd and Brunt were executed at Newgate Prison on the 1st May, 1820.


Inquisitive Minds Want to Know - Part III

By now you are probably wondering if Part III of this series is ever going to be posted. Rest assured that this inquisitive mind has been hard at work comparing the families who settled in Charlestown, MA by 1640. Twenty-three of them are on the map of the town created in 1638 and are the focus of the study.

From the book, Charlestown Vital Records to 1850, by Roger D. Joslyn, we learn more about the makeup of these early families. Other details were gleaned from the book, Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England, by John Farmer. The following is a synopsis of the twenty-three families and the information found with regards to the recorded events in their lives. Keep in mind that in some of the lists all of the children's births are listed together, which makes the birth information questionable.

This group is from the center of the town. In this area are the Three Cranes Tavern, the Market Place, the Meeting House and Windmill Hill.

Nowell/Newell is probably Increase and his wife Parnell of Middlesex, Stepney. The births of their children are recorded from 1630-1643. He preformed several marriages in 1654, probably as a town official as he was the town assistant from 1630-1655. In 1632 he was a founder of the church. From 1644-1649 he was the Secretary of the Colony. Parnell died 2 May 1683, but there is no record of his death.
Mary Newell of Bristol, the widow of a Mariner, is included in the list of immigrants.

Harvard surely refers to John and he is noted to have had a wife, but probably no children. He was a minister from Surrey, Southwark, S. Saviour and came to New England in 1636, and admitted freeman in 1637. John died 14 September 1638, leaving money for what is now Harvard College.

Allen is probably Thomas and his wife Anna. He was a minister of Charlestown. Coming to New England in 1638, admitted to the church in Boston in 1639, then moving to Charlestown. The births of their children are recorded from 1639-1646. He died 21 September 1673, age 65, in England.
Ship Captain John Allen and his wife Sarah, from Norfolk or Suffolk, were also there early. He was in Salem in 1626, came to Charlestown in 1639 and admitted freeman 1640. The births of their children are recorded from 1640-1643, but some were born in Salem from 1627. He was born in 1602 and died 27 March 1675.

Symmes is probably Zechariah and his wife Sarah from Bedfordshire, Dunstable. He was the second minister, settled in 1634, and admitted freeman 1635. The births of their children are recorded from 1635-1642, but others were probably born elsewhere. He was born 5 April 1597 in Canterbury and died 4 February 1670.

Long is probably Robert and his wife Elizabeth from Bedfordshire, Dunstable. He was the Innkeeper of the Three Cranes Tavern in the center of the town, which would have been the primary gathering place of the early settlers. The births of their children are recorded from 1673-1647 but others were probably born elsewhere. He served several times as representive of the town and admitted freeman 1635. Robert died on 9 January 1663 and Elizabeth died on 29 May 1687, both in Charlestown.

Hills is probably Joseph and his wife Rose, of Essex, Billericay, with whom he had several children and two of their births are recorded in 1639 and 1640. He came to New England early, was a merchant and was admitted freeman in 1645. Moved to Malden and then to Newbury where he died 5 February 1688. Married second to Anne the widow of Henry Lunt.
Abraham Hills and Sarah also were in Charlestown early. The births of their children are recorded from 1640-1643.

Sedgewick is probably Robert of Surrey, Southwark, who was a merchant and was admitted freeman in 1637. There is no mention of a wife, only two possible sons William and Robert. He served in the military for most of his life, both in New England and abroad. In Charlestown he was owner of a brew house and a merchant. Robert died 24 May 1656 in Jamaica.

Converse is probably Edward and his wife Joanna who died in 1677. They were of Essex, Navestock or Stenfield. He was in New England early and admitted freeman in 1630. By 1643 he was in Woburn. He operated the Charlestown ferry.

This group is just southwest of the center of the town, living along the shoreline just up from the Willoughby shipyards and ferry.

Graves or Greaves is probably Thomas and his wife Katherine. He was in Salem June 1629 and went to Charlestown that same year. The birth of their son is recorded in 1645. He died in Charlestown 31 July 1653. There is a record of a request to be made free on 19 October 1630 and a reference that he served as a rear admiral in England. He was a ship captain.

Willoughby is probably Francis and his wife Sarah of Middlesex, Stepney. The birth of their daughter is recorded in 1643. He probably married second to Mary and the births of their children are recorded in 1644 and 1647. Then there is a possible third marriage to Margaret and the births of their children recorded in 1662 and 1664. He came in 1638, admitted freeman in 1640, served as Deputy Governor and Governor, and worked as a shipwright or ship builder. Francis died 4 April 1671.

Edward Johnson and his wife Susan were of Kent, Canterbury, arrived in 1630 and admitted as freeman 18 May 1631. He worked as a joiner and a ship builder. Later he was a founder of Woburn and the church there. He was the town clerk of Woburn for about thirty years and a well-known historian. The births of their seven children are not listed in the Charlestown records.
William Johnson and his wife Judith of Bedfordshire, Dunstable,
arrived before 1643, as that is when the birth of their son James was recorded. William worked as a brickmaker. He died 9 December 1677.

This group is just northwest of the center of the town, living along Crooked Lane and continuing up the shoreline.

Trerice is probably Nicholas and his wife Rebecca of Middlesex, Stepney or Wapping. They first settled in Charlestown in 1636, and were there for the birth of their first son John in 1639. By 1643 they were in Woburn for the birth of their second son Samuel. He was a ship captain and she was a retailer.

Lynde, Lind or Line, is probably Thomas and his wife Margaret of Bedfordshire, Dunstable. He was admitted freeman in 1635 and served the town in many positions, for many years. The births of their children are listed from 1636-1647. He worked as a malster, making malt for brewing beer. Sometimes referred to as Deacon Thomas, he performed two marriages in 1656. He died 30 December 1676 and Margaret died 23 August 1662, both in Charlestown.

Tidd or Tead, is probably Joshua and his wife Sarah of Hertfordshire, Hertford. The births of their children are recorded in 1639, 1641 and 1643, but they had three other children born in England from 1631- 1636. The marriages of his two daughters are recorded: Sarah married Zachariah Long in 1656 and Elizabeth married Samuel Lords in 1667. Joshua was admitted to the church, March 10, 1639 and admitted as a freeman May 22, 1639. He worked as a carpenter and at times was a merchant/retailer transporting his goods by ship. Joshua died 15 September 1678 and Sarah, his wife, died 15 October 1677 age 71, both in Charlestown. Several stories about him are included in the book, From Deference to Defiance.
Sargeant John Tead and his wife Margaret of Norfolk, Norwich were in Charlestown by 1637 when he was listed as a proprietor and the next year owned eight lots, the sixth which was in Waterfield (now Woburn). They removed to Woburn, where he subscribed to "Town Orders," in December, 1640 and admitted as a freeman May 10, 1643. He worked as a tailor. There are no other records for this family in Charlestown. He died 24 April 1656 and Margaret died 15 October 1651, both in Woburn. Prior to his death he married Alice Teel and she is listed in his will, as well as his children.
Richard Tidd was admitted as a freeman in 1643m but there is no further information about him.

This group is just northeast of the center of the town and continuing east on Dock Wapping Road going out to Moulton's Point. There is located the Bunker and the Fort/Battery.

R. Cole is probably Rice who was from Kent, Sandwich. He was admitted as a freeman in 1633 and died 15 May 1646. Rice worked as a carpenter and was a selectman in 1634.
He may have been the father of Isaac, who with his wife Joannah were the parents of Abraham 1636, Jacob 1641, and Elizabeth 1643. Isaac was admitted as a freeman in 1638 and died 10 June 1674.

Stitson is probably William and his wife Elizabeth of Gloucestershire, Bristol, came early. He was admitted as a freeman in 1633 and served the town in many positions, over many years and the church as Reverend and Deacon. Elizabeth died 16 February 1669 age 93. William married the widow Marie Norton on 22 August 1670. He died 11 April 1691 age 91. No other records for the family are listed.

Coytmore is probably Thomas and his wife Martha of Middlesex, Stepney or Ratcliffe, came in 1636. He was a Ship Captain and died 27 December 1645 on the coast of Wales. The births of their sons are recorded, Thomas 1641 and William 1643 who died at twelve days.
Martha remarried to Governor Winthrop December 1647.
Isaac Coytmore was in Charlestown in 1639.
Katherine Coytmore was a widow in 1638 and she died in 1659.

W. Palmer is probably Walter J. and his wife Rebecca of Dorsetshire, Yetminster, was a selectman in 1634 and a constable in 1636. He was admitted as a freeman in 1638. The birth of his son Benjamin born 30 March 1642 is recorded.
William Palmer of Middlesex, Stepney or Norfolk, Ormsby, Great. He was in Newbury in 1637 and admitted as a freeman in 1638. He died August 1676.
John Palmer died a single man on 24 August 1677 in Charlestown.
Abraham of Kent, Canterbury, was admitted as a freeman in 1631. He worked as a merchant.

Walker is probably Augustine and his wife Hannah, of Northumberland, Berwick, who came in 1638. He was admitted as a freeman in 1641 and died before 1655. He worked as a shipwright and was a Ship Captain. The births of their children are recorded from 1640-1648.
Richard Walker of Hampshire, Keaton, lived in Lynn in 1630 and had four children. He was admitted as a freeman in 1634.
Robert Walker of Lancashire, Manchester, lived in Boston and was admitted as a freeman in 1634. He had six sons, all born in Boston.
William Walker of Norfolk, Norwich, was in Hingham in 1636.

So, how does all of this information help us to understand the town of Charlestown, MA. First of all it is a port town, where seafaring men and merchants met to exchange wares and arrange to transport items and people between England and the colony. Second it was made up of families, most seem to have married before coming to New England and brought children with them, while some had children born during this developing period. Some were famiies of Ship Captains who were gone for long periods of time, and yet these women carried on in the daily tasks of providing for their families. The risk of death to seafaring men was high, and at times their widows would have to carry on without them. I was pleased to identify the names of so many of the wives.

One can imagine that often more than one family would live together until more housing could be built. Compared to England they now lived in a culture where they could work hard and prosper. Every individual brought or would develop talents that would benefit the community. From the details listed above we can see that from this group and in blue those from the addendum to follow there were many types of occupations:


ExecutedToday.com

On this date in 1820 — which was not yet a red-letter day on the leftist calendar — five radicals were hanged at Newgate Prison for a plot to overthrow the government.

A British government that had tilted from reactionary after the French Revolution to furiously repressive after defeating Napoleon was energetically at work stamping out the wide-ranging upheaval convulsing the isles.

This day’s conspirators plotted to overturn the authoritarian rule of Lord Liverpool by murdering his ministers at a dinner party. Next steps:

This excellent plot was hatched by none other than a government informant, who planted the idea among the circle and arranged their arrest when they took the bait. Already-notorious subversive Arthur Thistlewood was the jewel in the crown’s crown, particularly after having slain an arresting officer in the fray when the trap was sprung.

Ten were condemned to death, five of those sentences commuted to transportation — leaving Thistlewood to hang* along with John Brunt, James Ings, Richard Tidd and the Afro-Caribbean tradesman William Davidson. The crowd was reportedly vocally supportive of the condemned.


The Cato Street Conspirators hanged. As represented at the bottom of the scaffold: the dead men were cut down after their execution and posthumously beheaded.

It was in the aftermath of this shocking affair that Byron completed his work on a long-ago Venetian putsch, Marino Faliero, with such stirring reflections upon the blood sacrifice of liberty as

They never fail who die
In a great cause: the block may soak their gore:
Their heads may sodden in the sun their limbs
Be strung to city gates and castle walls —
But still their Spirit walks abroad. Though years
Elapse, and others share as dark a doom,
They but augment the deep and sweeping thoughts
Which overpower all others, and conduct
The world at last to Freedom.

Still, even from the safety of Italy, the rakish rebel had a gentleman’s disdain for these lowborn butchers overpowering anything at all.

What a set of desperate fools these Utican conspirators seem to have been. As if in London, after the disarming acts, or indeed at any time, a secret could have been kept among thirty or forty. And if they had killed poor Harrowby — in whose house I have been five hundred times, at dinners and parties his wife is one of ‘the Exquisites’ — and t’other fellows, what end would it have answered? ‘They understand these things better in France’, as Yorick says, but really, if these sort of awkward butchers are to get the upper hand, I for one will declare off. I have always been (before you were, as you well know) a well-wisher to, and voter for reform in parliament but ‘such fellows as these, who will never go to the gallows with any credit’ … and make one doubt of the virtue of any principle or politics which can be embraced by similar ragamuffins. I know that revolutions are not to be made with rose water, but though some blood may, and must be shed on such occasions, there is no reason it should be clotted in short, the Radicals seem to be no better than Jack Cade or Wat Tyler, and to be dealt with accordingly.

They were. Archive.org has the free text of An authentic history of the Cato-Street conspiracy with the trials at large of the conspirators, for high treason and murder a description of their weapons and combustible machines, and every particular connected with the rise, progress, discovery, and termination of the horrid plot. With portraits of the conspirators, taken during their trials, by permission, and other engravings.

Here’s a topical YouTube mashup combining the stylings of the band Cato Street Conspiracy with video of a different executed conspirator against the English government.

* “The men died like heroes. Ings, perhaps, was too obstreperous in singing ‘Death or Liberty’, and Thistlewood said, ‘Be quiet, Ings we can die without all this noise.'”


Ver el vídeo: Rick Tidd